Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. The proportion of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in most countries. Uncontrolled cases can cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.
According to World Health Organization:
- The number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to approximately 463 million adults (20-79 years) in 2019, which is estimated to be 1 in 11 of the world’s adult population.
- 46% of people with diabetes are undiagnosed. By 2045 this will rise to 700 million.
- In 2016, an estimated 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. WHO estimates that diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in 2016.
Prevention is very important for type 2 diabetes. It’s especially important to make diabetes prevention a priority if you’re at increased risk of diabetes, such as if you have a family history of the disease, you have been diagnosed with prediabetes or you’re overweight.
Diabetes prevention is as basic as eating more healthfully, becoming more physically active and losing a few extra kilograms.
Making a few simple changes in your lifestyle now may help you avoid the serious health complications of diabetes in the future, such as nerve, kidney and heart damage.
8 ways to avoid getting diabetes
- minimize consumption of sugar and refined carbs from your diet,
- get more physical activity,
- lose weight if you are overweight,
- drink more water and make it your primary beverage,
- get plenty of fiber,
- consume more whole grains,
- follow a very-low-carb diet,
- quit smoking.